Travels

Architecture for survival: the traditional slate houses of Las Hurdes

Pin
Send
Share
Send


Slate House, Las Hurdes, Cáceres, Extremadura

Building a house with materials that you find on the land itself seems like a whim or an ideal, depending on who you ask.

In Las Hurdes it has been for centuries survival issue, the only way to have a roof over the head of the Hurdan.

From that basic and unplayable need, the traditional slate houses which today are another tourist attraction of this rugged region.

The Hurdes have conspired against Man since our ancestors began to inhabit these lands in the Bronze Age.

Once the stage of living in the open or with vegetal elements is overcome, construction techniques had to be improvised about what was more at hand: slate and stones.

Slate houses, Las Hurdes, Cáceres, Extremadura

A curious data

After the depopulation of the high middle ages, the repopulation carried out by Alfonso XII brought emigrants of Asturian or Asturian-Leonese origin to these lands, which would explain certain similarities between the Asturian and Jurdana languages.

You had to put in it what it fit, including animals, and make it protect from the weather.

In addition, we had to adapt to slopes and inclinations, so that circular, rather than rectangular, forms were favored when building houses.

The first traditional houses of the Hurdes they rose, little, from the ground, stone by stone, slate to slate, without any type of mortar between them.

"(...) this type of popular construction (...), is one of the most primitive types of peninsular housing, typical of pastoral peoples and cultures whose way of life can justify the precariousness of these constructions and their ease of building (...)" .

Francisco Javier Pizarro Gómez, Doctor of Art History

The height was short and it varied from the facade to the back, being built many times on the sloping slope of a mountain.

Slate House, Las Hurdes, Cáceres, Extremadura

Pin
Send
Share
Send